ESMR stands for Extracorporeal Shockwave Myocardial Revascularization. ESMR can also be termed Non invasive Cardiac Angiogenesis therapy (Ni-CATh).
ESMR therapy is a new non invasive therapy approach using Extracorporeal Shockwave technology for Myocardial Revascularization (i.e. to improve the blood supply to heart muscles). Ischemic myocardial areas no longer accessible by conventional revascularization therapies like Bypass surgery or Balloon Angioplasty and stent, could be treated with the ESMR therapy to relieve symptoms resulted from the myocardial ischemia.
Patients with advanced CAD frequently have recurrent Angina. Surgical and interventional options for these patients typically have been exhausted or will result in only partial revascularization. The ESMR therapy offers new hope for these patients and provides therapy which complement existing treatment procedures.
During the treatment you might feel a local tickling in the treatment area, accompanied by a certain degree of noise.
Unlike Bypass surgery, Angioplasty and stenting procedures, ESMR is non-invasive, carries no risk, painless, no anaesthesia or sedatives required, no re-treatment limitations and is an outpatient procedure.
No acute or long term side effects were reported.
Shock waves are a kind of sound waves (like ultrasound) with high intensity and short duration. The sound waves are generated by an underwater high voltage spark, which are delivered non-invasively, focused by a special ellipsoid reflector. The reflector is coupled to the patient’s skin near the affected area with a water cushion. The focal zone distance into the patient’s body is adjusted according to the linical requirements.
Angiogenesis or Neo-vascularisation means formation or growth of new blood vessels (otherwise called coronary collateral formation) naturally which in turn increases the blood supply to the ischemic of the heart and improves the myocardial perfusion. Hence coronary collateral angiogenesis can also be called NATURAL BYPASS.
The purpose of this innovative non surgical treatment is to produce new pathways around the blocked arteries in Ischemic zone of the heart by expanding networks of tiny blood vessels called collaterals that help increase and normalize the blood flow to heart muscle thereby reducing or relieving angina.
ESMR treatment forms new natural blood vessels which improve the oxygenated blood supply to the affected portion of the heart non- surgically or non-pharmaceutically. For this reason it is called Non-Invasive or Non- surgical Bypass treatment or Non-Invasive Cardiac Angiogenesis therapy (Ni-Cath).
Shock wave technology is presently being used in the field of Urology for breaking Kidney stones and in Orthopaedics for bone and soft tissue injuries.